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Most church worship teams are made up of people with different skill levels. While it’s important to allow opportunities for everyone to use their gifts, worships teams can feel hampered by musicians who don’t understand basic theory or how to play in an ensemble.

For everyone interested in becoming a stronger unit, here are five things you can learn to make you a better musician and team player.

1. Listen more, play less

Worship leader Brian Doerksen talks about the Fraction Principle. This principle basically states that with every additional musician on stage, everyone should play a fraction of what they might play on their own. If there are five people on stage, everyone should be playing a fifth of what they would alone.

Nothing sounds more disastrous than a bunch of performers bashing away on stage completely oblivious to what everyone else is doing. All the vocalists are singing the whole time, the keyboardist is playing eight-finger chords, and the drummer’s constantly playing fills.

A strong worship team requires that all of the various parts add up to one cohesive unit. But this can only happen when everyone is listening to what others are doing and finding ways to augment it.

2. The frequency spectrum rules

Think about the range of a standard-sized keyboard. Between the lowest to highest A notes, it covers eight octaves. Guitars and vocals all sit in the middle of that range. It even encompasses the range of a five-string bass—the lowest A on a piano is a whole note lower than the low B on the bass. That means that there’s potential for overlap between all the instruments—especially those right in the middle of that range.

If the piano is doing a lot of left-hand work, it conflicts with the bass. If the acoustic guitar is strumming open cowboy chords while the piano and electric are playing in the same range, it comes out sounding to the audience like a big, indecipherable blob of sound.

A good worship team is aware of the need to make room for everything to sit nicely in the mix. If the guitar is taking up the middle of the spectrum, the piano should add some shimmer up top and allow leave room for the vocals and guitar. If the piano is playing the middle range, the guitars should capo up and add some top end.


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3. Basic music theory is important

In an ideal world, if the worship leader decides to transpose a song to another key, she shouldn’t have to run out to print up all new song sheets—especially if she’s only going up or down a whole step. Knowing how to transpose from one key to another is music theory 101.

Other basic things you should be able to understand:

  • What a time signature is
  • How major and minor scales are constructed
  • How chords are constructed from scales

Once you begin to understand these elements of theory, you won’t believe how liberating it is. The whole thing is a snowball. Once you understand a diatonic scale, it’s so much easier to understand chords. And it keeps going from there. I promise that the more you learn, the more fun it is to play music.

4. Practice, practice, practice

Improving and applying theory requires effort. If you’re not going to practice, you’ll never get any better. And by “practicing,” I don’t mean running through songs.

If you want to learn a language, you can’t learn a bunch of phrases like: “Where’s the bathroom?” or “How much does this cost?” That will only help you in very few instances, but it won’t help you express yourself in that language. It’s the same thing with music practice. By practicing songs, you learn songs. By practicing the “boring” stuff like scales and chords, you create a vocabulary that helps you express yourself.

If you’re a guitarist, learn your scales and chords all over the neck. If someone tell you that they want to insert a Gmaj7, understand how that’s different than a G7.

5. You need to listen to other teams

This is the discipline that’s going to tie these other practices together. Really listening to other worship bands and how much (or how little) each member plays will give you a better understanding of how good parts are arranged. On top of that, you’ll get a better appreciation for how everyone compensates for each other’s place in the sonic spectrum.

A lot of keyboardists get worship folios where the instrumental parts of the entire team are condensed into one piano piece. This means they get used to these complex and full arrangements. When they begin to listen to piano players in worship teams, they’re blown away at how little they’re playing on the same songs.

It’s the same with guitarists. Most guitarists are used to are used to bashing away at home on chords. When someone on the worship team tells them to play less they’re surprised (and sometimes offended). Then they really listen to a worship team and realize that the guitarist is playing their chords on the 2 and the 4, or only on the upbeats.

What tips do you have?

See any tips we missed for creating a more cohesive worship team? Let us know in the comments!

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